Include a new expansion in a limited reception area.
Riyadh is a fast-growing city, over the past 25 years, the development of high-capacity road infrastructures have made the automobile the preferred and almost sole means of transport for the people of Riyadh. With approximately 8.9 million trips per day in 2018, the city suffers from chronic traffic jams. Building 105km of mainly underground rail and 85 new stations in such a densely populated city introduced a wide variety of challenges:
Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia with around seven million inhabitants, had no public transport infrastructure in the early 2000s. In December 2011, the authorities approved a comprehensive program providing for the creation, ex-nihilo, of a world-class public transport network around six metro lines and a bus network. This program aimed to make available, to all population groups, an adapted public transport service in order to reduce the use of individual road vehicles to a strict minimum.
Riyadh population is expected to reach 15 million by 2030 following the plan of Vision 2030. The Royal Commission for Riyadh City (RCRC) carried out several studies to deliver a city-wide adapted public transport network to the city of Riyadh. These studies resulted in a metro project comprising 6 lines and 85 stations over a total of 176 km.
For passenger safety and comfort, the project incorporates the latest features for modern automated metros.
The project had an initial execution period of five years and an optional maintenance service period for the next ten years. It was expected to create more than 15,000 jobs in Saudi Arabia. During the course of the project, this figure was easily surpassed.